Bending channel with a porous media region

OpenFOAM 4.x

Case directory



We calculate a flow with a porous material that models a filter in the middle of the flow path. The fluid flows in from the region "inlet" (end face of blue part) at a mass flow rate of 0.1 kg/s, passes through the filter (red part), and flows out from the region "outlet" (end face of green part).

Model geometry Model geometry

For porous media, a generator term S (pressure drop) according to S = - \rho_{ref} (\alpha + \beta |U|) U is added to the Navier-Stokes equations. where ρref is the reference density and α and β are constant coefficients.

The parameters that determine the properties of the porous media, the direction of the properties, and the region in which the porous media, are specified in the file constant/fvOptions as follows.

	type            explicitPorositySource;
	active          yes;

		selectionMode   cellZone;
		cellZone        porosity;
		type            fixedCoeff;
		active          yes;
		cellZone        porosity;

			alpha       (500 -1000 -1000);
			beta        (0 0 0);
			rhoRef      1;

				type    cartesian;
				origin  (0 0 0);
					type    axesRotation;
					e1      (0.70710678 0.70710678 0);
					e2      (0 0 1);

The standard k-ε model is used for the turbulence model.

The meshes are as follows, and the number of mesh is 22000.

Mesh Meshes

If you want to visualize turbulent energy and turbulent dissipation rate, check "k" and "epsilon" in the "Properties" tab in ParaView.

Check k and epsilon in Properties tab Check "k" and "epsilon" in "Properties" tab

The calculation result is as follows.

Flow velocity (U) Flow velocity (U)
Pressure (p) Pressure (p)
Turbulent energy (k) Turbulent energy (k)
Turbulent dissipation rate (epsilon) Turbulent dissipation rate (epsilon)

We can see that the flow velocity and pressure are greatly reduced in the porous media part.


cp -r $FOAM_TUTORIALS/compressible/rhoSimpleFoam/angledDuctExplicitFixedCoeff angledDuctExplicitFixedCoeff
cd angledDuctExplicitFixedCoeff

m4 system/blockMeshDict.m4 > system/blockMeshDict


Calculation time

24.97 seconds *Single, Inter(R) Core(TM) i7-8700 CPU @ 3.20GHz 3.19GHz